BEYOND THE TYPEWRITER: GENDER, CLASS, AND THE ORIGINS OF MODER Sharon Strom

ISBN: 9780252064258

Published: November 1st 1994

Hardcover

464 pages


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BEYOND THE TYPEWRITER: GENDER, CLASS, AND THE ORIGINS OF MODER  by  Sharon Strom

BEYOND THE TYPEWRITER: GENDER, CLASS, AND THE ORIGINS OF MODER by Sharon Strom
November 1st 1994 | Hardcover | PDF, EPUB, FB2, DjVu, talking book, mp3, RTF | 464 pages | ISBN: 9780252064258 | 9.53 Mb

By World War I, managers wanted young women with some high school education for new light manufacturing jobs in the office. Women could be paid significantly less than men with equivalent educations and the marriage bar--the practice of notMoreBy World War I, managers wanted young women with some high school education for new light manufacturing jobs in the office. Women could be paid significantly less than men with equivalent educations and the marriage bar--the practice of not hiring or retaining married women--ensured that most of them would leave the workplace before the issue of higher salaries arose.

Encouraged by free training gained in high schools and by working conditions better than those available in factories, young working-class women sought out office jobs. Facing sexual discrimination in most of the professions and higher-level office jobs, middle-class women often found themselves falling into clerical positions. Sharon Hartman Strom details office working conditions and practices, drawing upon archival and anecdotal data. She analyzes women office-workers ambitions and explores how the influences of scientific management, personnel management, and secondary vocational education affected office workplaces and hierarchies.

Strom illustrates how businessmen manipulated concepts of scientific management to maintain male dominance and professional status and to confine women to supportive positions. She finds that womens responses to the reorganized workplace were varied- although they were able to advance professionally in only limited ways, they used their jobs as a means of pursuing friendships, education, and independence.



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